In your medical instruction you have been accustomed to visual demonstration. I shall show you how the whole trend of your previous training and all your accustomed mental habits must unavoidably have made you opponents of psychoanalysis, and how much you must overcome in yourselves in order to master this instinctive opposition. Thus the medical teacher preponderantly plays the role of a guide and instructor who accompanies you through a museum in which you contract an immediate relationship to the exhibits, and in which you believe yourself to have been convinced through your own observation of the existence of the new things you see. And just at this point I can give you an example to illustrate how the procedure in this field is precisely the reverse of that which is the rule in medicine. Therefore let us not underestimate the use of words in psychotherapy, and let us be satisfied if we may be auditors of the words which are exchanged between the analyst and his patient.
This series of 28 lectures was given by Sigmund Freud 1856-1939 , the founder of psychoanalysis, during the First World War and first published in English in 1920. This handbook brings up to date the perspectives in the field of clinically applied analytical psychology, centering on five areas of interest: the fundamental goals of Jungian psychoanalysis, the methods of treatment used in pursuit of these goals, reflections on the analytic process, the training of future analysts, and much more. By so doing one obtains the desired conviction of the reality of the occurrences which psychoanalysis describes and of the correctness of its fundamental conception. In the surgical department you are made to witness the steps by which one brings relief to the patient, and are permitted to attempt to practice them. Sadly, it wears thin pretty quickly and makes for an unpleasant listen. There is a second difficulty in your relation to psychoanalysis for which I cannot hold the science itself responsible, but for which I must ask you to take the responsibility upon yourselves, ladies and gentlemen, at least in so far as you have hitherto pursued medical studies. I am not overlooking the excuse, whose existence one must admit, for this deficiency in your previous training.
What would be your reasons for believing in the authenticity of his statements? What do dreams of swimming, failing, or flying symbolize? Appraisals Karl Abraham considered the lectures elementary in the best sense, for presenting the core elements of psychoanalysis in an accessible way. He tells of his complaints and symptoms, but of nothing else. Let us not think too lightly of these prejudices; they are powerful things, remnants of useful, even necessary, developments of mankind. Within the field of medicine, psychiatry does, it is true, occupy itself with the description of the observed psychic disorders and with their grouping into clinical symptom-pictures; but in their better hours the psychiatrists themselves doubt whether their purely descriptive account deserves the name of a science. Just three years previously, he had struck out on his own, publishing his Wandlungen und Symbole der Libido, known in English as Psychology of the Unconscious. It was here that he proposed that many slips and errors of memory common to the average man in everyday life actually signals unconscious issues that beset the individual, and, if examined, can be extremely revealing.
I shall show you how the whole trend of your previous training and all your accustomed mental habits must unavoidably have made you opponents of psychoanalysis, and how much you must overcome in yourselves in order to master this instinctive opposition. Should there be any of this type among you, and should they ignore my dissuasion and return to the next of these lectures, they will be welcome. This excellent method is, of course, only practicable for one person, never for an entire class. He can place before you pictures of the preserved coins and statues of the king and can pass down your rows a photograph of the Pompeiian mosaics of the battle of Issos. But then the question turns on this — what set of facts can the historian marshal in support of his position? To this end, it must divorce itself from every anatomical, chemical or physiological supposition which is alien to it. The purpose of this general introduction was to present his work and ideas - as they had matured at that point - to a general public; and even though there was to be considerable development and change over the ensuing years, these talks still offer a valuable and remarkably approachable entry point to his revolutionary concepts.
Society, therefore, does not relish being reminded of this ticklish spot in its origin; it has no interest in having the strength of the sexual instincts recognized and the meaning of the sexual life to the individual clearly delineated. Such a delimitation is surely harmful to your medical activity, for the patient will, as is usual in all human relationships, confront you first of all with his psychic facade; and I am afraid your penalty will be this, that you will be forced to relinquish a portion of the therapeutic influence to which you aspire, to those lay physicians, nature-cure fakers and mystics whom you despise. Modern thought owes him his theoretical description of the structure and functioning of the unconscious, through the discovery of the essential role of transference in the analytic process, the redefinition of sexuality including its infantile forms, the analysis of dreams, symptom formation and the mechanisms of repression. Usually when we introduce a patient to a medical technique which is strange to him we minimize its difficulties and give him confident promises concerning the result of the treatment. Written during the turmoil of the First World War, A General Introduction to Psychoanalysis was distilled from a series of lectures given at Vienna University, but had to wait for the war to end before being made available to the English speaking world.
The talks are divided into three parts: 'The Psychology of Errors' which later became known as 'Freudian Slips' , 'The Dream' his broad views on interpretation and 'General Theory of Neuroses'. Among the instinctive forces thus utilized, the sexual impulses play a significant role. According to my experience, the aversion to this conclusion of psychoanalysis is the most significant source of the opposition which it encounters. For these communications concern the most intimate part of his psychic life, everything which as a socially independent person he must conceal from others; these communications deal with everything which, as a harmonious personality, he will not admit even to himself. The work allows the reader acquainted with the concepts of Freud to trace the logic of his arguments afresh and follow his conclusions, backed as they were with examples from life and from clinical practice.
It prepares to give psychiatry the omitted psychological foundation, it hopes to reveal the common basis from which, as a starting point, constant correlation of bodily and psychic disturbances becomes comprehensible. On the contrary, society has taken the course of diverting attention from this whole field. Psychoanalysis was never just a method of treatment, rather a vision of the human condition which has continued to fascinate and provoke long after the death of its originator. Book Description: A General Introduction to Psychoanalysis is a set of lectures given by Sigmund Freud 1915-17 published 1916-17 , which became the most popular and widely translated of his works. Contents In his three-part Introductory Lectures, by beginning with a discussion of Freudian slips in the first part, moving on to dreams in the second, and only tackling the neuroses in the third, Freud succeeded in presenting his ideas as firmly grounded in the common-sense world of everyday experience.
These discourses are at the same time simple and almost confidential, and they trace and sum up the results of thirty years of devoted and painstaking research. Freud refers to his early use of hypnotism, which he later discarded, and many more steps which led him to his conclusions that the powerful part played by sexual impulses, often dating back to childhood, pursued individuals into adulthood. However, there are always enough individuals who are interested in anything which may be added to the sum total of knowledge, despite such inconveniences. Words call forth effects and are the universal means of influencing human beings. Indeed, so obvious does this identification seem to us that we consider its slightest contradiction obvious nonsense, and yet psychoanalysis cannot avoid raising this contradiction; it cannot accept the identity of the conscious with the psychic. With words one man can make another blessed, or drive him to despair; by words the teacher transfers his knowledge to the pupil; by words the speaker sweeps his audience with him and determines its judgments and decisions.
You will then find that not everything recounted of Alexander is credible, or capable of proof in detail; yet even then I cannot believe that you will leave the lecture hall a disbeliever in the reality of Alexander the Great. While they are not at all controversial, we incidentally see in a clearer light the distinctions between the master and some of his distinguished pupils. Should there be any of this type among you, and should they ignore my dissuasion and return to the next of these lectures, they will be welcome. Words call forth effects and are the universal means of influencing human beings. .