It is also an honour, perhaps almost unique, for a private visitor to be introduced to an academic audience by the President of the United States. It is because I am sure that our fortunes are still in our own hands and that we hold the power to save the future, that I feel the duty to speak out now that I have the occasion and the opportunity to do so. But what we have to consider here to-day while time remains, is the permanent prevention of war and the establishment of conditions of freedom and democracy as rapidly as possible in all countries. Instead, in this speech and in many of his speeces , Churchill challenges his listeners with big goals that require a huge commitment and perseverance. In front of the iron curtain which lies across Europe are other causes for anxiety.
But we must never cease to proclaim in fearless tones the great principles of freedom and the rights of man which are the joint inheritance of the English-speaking world and which through Magna Carta, the Bill of Rights, the Habeas Corpus, trial by jury, and the English common law find their most famous expression in the American Declaration of Independence. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level. If however they become divided or falter in their duty and if these all-important years are allowed to slip away then indeed catastrophe may overwhelm us all. But if the dangers of war and tyranny are removed, there is no doubt that science and co-operation can bring in the next few years to the world, certainly in the next few decades newly taught in the sharpening school of war, an expansion of material well-being beyond anything that has yet occurred in human experience. This Agreement is more effective than many of those which have often been made under formal alliances. We should understand one thing: the term ''iron curtain'' itself had been used throughout history in various contexts. I propose that each of the Powers and States should be invited to delegate a certain number of air squadrons to the service of the world organisation.
The majority of European states to the east of the Iron Curtain developed their own international economic and military alliances, such as and the. Yet, under the surface, a tension is boiling. He refused to surrender in the face of Nazi oppression. Tactic 8: Ask rhetorical questions. To give security to these countless homes, they must be shielded from the two giant marauders, war and tyranny.
I seem to have heard of it before. Tactic 2: Reflect the sentiment of the group. Rhetorical questions are color-coded in grey in the speech transcript below. We must make sure that its work is fruitful, that it is a reality and not a sham, that it is a force for action, and not merely a frothing of words, that it is a true temple of peace in which the shields of many nations can some day be hung up, and not merely a cockpit in a Tower of Babel. This affected the liberated Soviet prisoners of war branded as traitors , forced laborers, anti-Soviet collaborators with the Germans, and anti-communist refugees. They would wear the uniform of their own countries but with different badges.
It is a column made of metal and barbed wire with the date of the Pan-European Picnic and the names of participants. In those days there were high hopes and unbounded confidence that the wars were over, and that the League of Nations would become all-powerful. The Russian-dominated Polish Government has been encouraged to make enormous and wrongful inroads upon Germany, and mass expulsions of millions of Germans on a scale grievous and undreamed-of are now taking place. We aim at nothing but mutual assistance and collaboration. In response, one month later, the Soviet Union published , a Stalin-edited and partially re-written book attacking the West.
However, in a great number of countries, far from the Russian frontiers and throughout the world, Communist fifth columns are established and work in complete unity and absolute obedience to the directions they receive from the Communist center. It originally referred to fireproof curtains in theaters. There is however an important question we must ask ourselves. On the other hand I repulse the idea that a new war is inevitable; still more that it is imminent. We must, and I believe we shall, prove ourselves equal to this severe requirement. When I stand here this quiet afternoon I shudder to visualize what is actually happening to millions now and what is going to happen in this period when famine stalks the earth.
But we must never cease to proclaim in fearless tones the great principles of freedom and the rights of man which are the joint inheritance of the English-speaking world and which through Magna Carta, the Bill of Rights, the Habeas Corpus, trial by jury, and the English common law find their most famous expression in the American Declaration of Independence. Surely we should work with conscious purpose for a grand pacification of Europe, within the structure of the United Nations and in accordance with our Charter. The safety of the world requires a new unity in Europe, from which no nation should be permanently outcast. Surely we should work with conscious purpose for a grand pacification of Europe, within the structure of the United Nations and in accordance with its Charter. From Stettin in the Baltic to Trieste in the Adriatic an iron curtain has descended across the continent. We welcome Russia to her rightful place among the leading nations of the world. It is my duty however, for I am sure you would wish me to state the facts as I see them to you.
Nevertheless the future of Italy hangs in the balance. The Agreement which was made at Yalta, to which I was a party, was extremely favourable to Soviet Russia, but it was made at a time when no one could say that the German war might not extend all through the summer and autumn of 1945 and when the Japanese war was expected to last for a further 18 months from the end of the German war. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. We British have our twenty years Treaty of Collaboration and Mutual Assistance with Soviet Russia. Earning College Credit Did you know… We have over 160 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. Already we use together a large number of islands; more may well be entrusted to our joint care in the near future.
No one in any country has slept less well in their beds because this knowledge and the method and the raw materials to apply it, are at present largely retained in American hands. We understand the Russian need to be secure on her western frontiers by the removal of all possibility of German aggression. People in the West expressed opposition to Soviet domination over the buffer states, and the fear grew that the Soviets were building an empire that might be a threat to them and their interests. Here is the message of the British and American peoples to mankind. These and other examples of triads are color-coded in darker blue in the speech transcript below. It would be criminal madness to cast it adrift in this still agitated and un-united world.
Help your audience understand your messages in terms of concepts or experiences which they already know. These and other examples of metaphors, similes, and analogies are color-coded in green in the speech transcript below. Nobody knows what Soviet Russia and its Communist international organization intends to do in the immediate future, or what are the limits, if any, to their expansive and proselytizing tendencies. We British have our twenty years Treaty of Collaboration and Mutual Assistance with Soviet Russia. No one in any country has slept less well in their beds because this knowledge and the method and the raw materials to apply it, are at present largely retained in American hands.