See corresponding entry in Unabridged Humor, gratify, indulge imply attempting to satisfy the wishes or whims of oneself or others. Although culture is undoubtedly very closely related to the social context of humor, it is worthwhile to separate it from social psychology, i. Once a stimulus is perceived as humorous, it will trigger a reaction within the individual. We laugh when we are painlessly surprised; when we perceive foolishness or qualities to which we consider ourselves superior; when we see the pompous deflated, the powerful threatened or the consciously superior mocked. Phlegm, the cold, moist humor associated with water, made one phlegmatic, or calm, sluggish, and unemotional. A surprise party, or receiving an unexpected gift, or finding a dollar bill on the ground all provide a pleasant surprise. The definition of humor is the quality of being funny, or something that makes people laugh, or one of the four bodily fluids.
Word History Doctors in ancient times and in the Middle Ages thought the human body contained a mixture of four substances, called humors, that determined a person's health and character. You can complete the definition of humor is given by the English Definition dictionary with other English dictionaries: Wikipedia, Lexilogos, Oxford, Cambridge, Chambers Harrap, Wordreference, Collins Lexibase dictionaries, Merriam Webster. Absurdity, Ridiculousness and Ludicrousness A stimulus that results in some absurd, ridiculous, or ludicrous perception may be experienced as humorous. While humor does not reduce the seriousness of an illness or traumatic event, it certainly lightens the load of coping with the trauma and aids in the healing process by offering perspective and assisting the client on the path toward recovery. Illnesses were thought to be caused by an imbalance in the humors within the body, as were defects in personality, and some medical terminology in English still reflects these outmoded concepts. Did he say, for instance,' added Brass, in a kind of comfortable, cozy tone--'I don't assert that he did say so, mind; I only ask you, to refresh your memory--did he say, for instance, that he was a stranger in London--that it was not his humour or within his ability to give any references--that he felt we had a right to require them--and that, in case anything should happen to him, at any time, he particularly desired that whatever property he had upon the premises should be considered mine, as some slight recompense for the trouble and annoyance I should sustain--and were you, in short,' added Brass, still more comfortably and cozily than before, 'were you induced to accept him on my behalf, as a tenant, upon those conditions? When we are mildly surprised or tricked, the experience may result in our feeling delighted.
Each humor was also associated with one of the four elements, the basic substances that made up the universe in ancient schemes of thought. Rabelaism the personality or character of Rabelais, as in the use of coarse, satirical humor. For an articles explaining humor and its component parts of wit, mirth, and laughter check out or. It is frequently used to illustrate some fundamental absurdity in human nature or conduct, and is generally thought of as more kindly than wit: a genial and mellow type of humor; his biting wit. The experience of humor relieves emotional distress and assists in changing negative thinking patterns. Another early name of yellow bile in English, choler, is related to the name of the disease cholera, which in earlier times denoted stomach disorders thought to be due to an imbalance of yellow bile.
The Unexpected Future A stimulus may also be perceived as humorous when an expected future is replaced with an unexpected one. Slapstick comedy is a common source of unexpected future, as are cartoons. Theories abound, none of them entirely convincing. Wit is a purely intellectual manifestation of cleverness and quickness of apprehension in discovering analogies between things really unlike, and expressing them in brief, diverting, and often sharp observations or remarks. Humour is one of the more mysterious characteristics of the human being and its nature has been endlessly argued. The historical background of social psychology. He has been working on it ever since.
Black bile, the cold, dry humor associated with earth, caused depression, or melancholy. See corresponding entry in Unabridged fancy, vagary. Humour is, however, a valuable human attribute and its absence is a personality defect. Humor, 20 4 , 367-387. Brown sense of humor, sense of humour n. It is frequently used to illustrate some fundamental absurdity in human nature or conduct, and is generally thought of as a kindly trait: a genial and mellow type of humor.
No sugar coating; straight up, no chaser. I also often add two other elements to the definition: 5 cultural phenomenon and 6 individual style or preference. A cross-cultural study of humor appreciation: Italy and Germany. See corresponding entry in Unabridged Humor, wit refer to an ability to perceive and express a sense of the clever or amusing. I tell it like it is. Featured image credit: Marco Bellucci, 2005 A theory of humor should say what causes humor, Mr.
Humor: International Journal of Humor Research, 9 1 , 1—18. Aronson, The Handbook of Social Psychology p. In the 1600s, humour now spelled humor in the United States at last came to mean the quality that makes something amusing or laughable, as well as the ability to amuse others and to appreciate those things that are amusing—that is, a sense of humor. Journal of Research in Personality 37 , 48-75. Blood was the warm, moist humor associated with the element fire, and phlegm was the cold, moist humor associated with water.
Humor consists principally in the recognition and expression of incongruities or peculiarities present in a situation or character. Incongruity When a stimulus is perceived as incongruous, it is likely to be experienced as humorous. Examples include: jumbo shrimp, act naturally, working vacation, definite maybe, same difference, genuine imitation, etc. Red Flags: Words and Phrases Often Found in the Personal Ads of Abusive People Abusive people have a tendency to project responsibility for their abusiveness onto their victims. Oxymorons pairs of words that go together yet mean the opposite of each other are often experienced as funny based on their incongruity. Humor comprehension: Lessons learned from cross-cultural communication.