The script employed by him was Brahmi and the language followed was the regional variations of Prakrit, known to all the common men. The 13th Rock edict, Asoka vividly describes the conquest of Kalinga. We have read that Ajatshatru was associated with the. Two of India's major religions, and Buddhism, trace their beginnings to Magadha. It is accepted by all that n ne rulers of the Nanda dynasty ruled over Magadha.
The Magadha-Maurya it was a period of colorful events when the first large states of India took shape, gained strength and then contended for supremacy. Thus, if Alexander were to march any further east, he would have had have to reckon with a mighty kingdom having the full resources of the entire northern India under its control; Magadha's army consisted of 20,000 cavalry, 200,000 infantry, 2,000 chariots, and 3,000 elephants. The Edicts of Ashoka are the oldest preserved historical documents of India, and from Ashoka's time, approximate dating of dynasties becomes possible. The edict further records remorse expressed by Asoka over this loss of human lives and his urge for spiritual conquest or Dharma Vijaya. Therefore, both the Jainas and the Buddhists claimed Bimbisara as their follower. The alluvial soils of the Gangetic plain and adequate rainfall were very conducive for the expansion of agriculture. The Kanva ruler allowed the kings of the Sunga dynasty to continue to rule in obscurity in a corner of their former dominions.
The available literary texts do not provide us definite information about the successors of Asoka. When it was refused by Ajatasatru, a protracted war began between Magadha and Kosala. Magadha under Chandragupta Maurya Chandragupta Maurya, took the help of a Brahmin name Kautilya, to overthrew the Nanda Empire. It appears that Ajatashatru sent a minister to the area who for three years worked to undermine the unity of the Licchavis. But Ajatasatru was successful in preventing Avanti from attacking Magadha.
The Sisunaga dynasty captured power from the Haryanka dynasty. Was also said to be an admirer of Mahavira. According to Basham, the Buddhist and Jaina sources realised the great importance of the Magadha-Lichchhavi war and they fully recorded its details. Champa was important in the trade with South-East Asia, Sri Lanka and South India. The state imposed further taxes on labour and peasants and collected good money by trade-tax as well.
It was bounded on the north by the river Ganga, on the east by the river Champa, on the south by the Vindhya mountains and on the west by the river Sona. He started a war against king Prasenjit of Kosala, who had revoked the gift of the Kasi village made to Bimbisara. It is said that rumors of the huge size of the Nanda army was in part responsible for the retreat of Alexander from India. But this was not the first time that the might of Magadha had forced kings westwards. Internal disturbances and corruption within the kingdom led to its decline. He proved to be a capable ruler and extended the territories of Magadha.
Magadha Empire gained much power and importance during the rule of King Bimbisara and his son and successor Ajatshatru. When the Buddha died and his remains were distributed among his disciples, a major share fell to Ajatashatru who was the most powerful king of that period. Also possessed a chariot to which a mace was attached, thus facilitating mass killings. The eastern part of the empire was ruled by Dasaratha, Samprati, Salisuka, Devavarman, Satadhanvan and Brihadratha successively. The Mauryan rulers issued silver and copper coins which were circulated throughout the kingdom.
Udayabhadra was succeeded by Anurudha, Munda and Nagadasaka respectively. He also prohibited illicit and immoral activities of people. Their use of elephants gave them an added advantage over their enemies. Which of the following were consequences of Alexander's invasion in 326-325 B. The land of Magadha was also fertile which yielded rich harvests. Jaina-texts represent him as a Jain and Buddhist-texts as a Buddhist Ajatasatru.
He became a powerful ruler because of this. This was the first non-Kshatriya dynasty. He maintained friendly relations not only with nearby strong states but also with distant powers. Based on the later evidences, there is also a view that he conquered western India and Deccan too. Most probably, the fragmentation of the empire into two parts, western and eastern, while frequent succession of rulers has hastened the process of disintegration of this first empire.
There are 14 major rock edicts, seven pillar edicts and some minor rock epigraphs. His son Bindusara succeeded Chandragupta. He realized the potentialities of a large state controlling the river and decided that it should be Magadha. The Gupta and Mauryan administrative structure differed. King Pasenadi, king of neighbouring Kosala and brother-in-law of King Bimbisara, promptly retook the gift of the Kashi province, triggering a war between Kosala and Magadha. Extent of the Sunga Empire Sunga dynasty The Sunga dynasty, established in 185 B. Mahapadma Nanda died at the age of 88, ruling the bulk of this 100-year dynasty.
In the Mahabharata, Magadha is the mightiest kingdom in the country, stronger even than the Kurus of whom the epic is all about. The war continued at least for sixteen years from 484-468 B. They extorted money from their subjects by several illegal means also. Whatever might be the actual fact, it is certain that Ajatasatm was responsible for the death of his father and ascended his throne after him. It created dissatisfaction among their subjects and therefore, one of the ministers of the last king, Sisunaga succeeded in overthrowing his rule and established the rule of a new dynasty. Ajatashatru was against the Buddha to begin with but became a friend later.