After the death of Ghori, Qutub-ud-din Aibak, his most able military commander founded the Slave Dynasty that ruled India for about one hundred years. Mahmud patronized the notable poet , who after laboring 27 years, went to Ghazni and presented the to him. . Destroying them would destroy the will power of the Hindus attacking the Empire since Mahmud never kept a permanent presence in the Subcontinent; , , , Kanauj, and were all thus raided. Eaton have questioned the iconoclastic historiography of this incident.
In the middle of the city there was a temple larger and firmer than the rest, which can neither be described nor painted. Fanatical, cruel to Hindus as well as to Moslem heretics, fickle, and uncertain in temper, Mahmud was extremely greedy of wealth. In 1014 Mahmud led an expedition to. This was supposed to be his biggest invasion as he had looted all treasures and precious items of the fortified temple. After the death of the Amir ʿAbd-al-Malek, the Turkish slave general of the Samanid army in Khorasan withdrew to Ḡazna after an attempted coup to place his own candidate on the throne had failed.
He grieved over his impending separation from his wealth but refused to give the smallest amount to charity. He scholars, established colleges, laid out gardens, and built mosques, palaces, and caravansaries. Mahmud brought whole libraries from Rayy and Isfahan to Ghazni. Mahmud Of Ghazni Mahmud Of Ghazni 971 A. When Mahmud was about to die, he ordered all his hoards to be placed before his eyes. Even then a Hindu dynasty the , held and eastern borders. Following the defeat of the Confederacy, after deciding to retaliate for their combined resistance, Mahmud then set out on regular expeditions against them, leaving the conquered kingdoms in the hands of only the.
Muhammad shortly appointed his uncle Yusuf ibn Sabuktigin as the commander-in-chief of the army. Strong boys of conquered clans, assimilated in the campaigns of the Arabs moving towards Asian lands, were taken to be raised as Muslim warriors, just like the Ottoman janissaries. His son succeeded him and continued the struggle to avenge his father's suicide. After that, he is said to have conquered India 17 times, till his death. The Seljuks militarily rescued the Abbasids.
He took away a booty of 2 crore dinars. From Lahore to Baghdad, from the Caspian Sea to the Persian Gulf, the flag of Mahmud fluttered unchallenged. Persian power disappeared from Central Asia and was replaced by Turkoman power, although Persian influence in the region continued to flourish through the Farsi language. But this expansion and evolution of the Rajput's army was nothing in comparison to the Turkish invaders and could not keep pace with the military tactics and troops of Mahmud Ghazni. Also fails to take the fort of Lokote again.
Anandapala is defeated at and pursued to Sodra. The last years of his life he spent in fighting the Central Asian tribes threatening his empire. Subaktagin turned his attention to the east, crossed the Indus River and added western Punjab to his dominions. According to , Differences between Muhammad and his twin brother Mas'ud became worse by the time. His only territorial acquisition in India was the Punjab 1021. Sultan Mahmud had contracted during his last invasion.
The blow to Hindu morale was incalculable. The State at War in South Asia. The brave Hindu Rajputs tried to defend the temple when the enemy tried to get inside it. He first attacked the Qarakhanid Empire, but was defeated. There were many idols of gold and silver and vessels set with jewels, all of which had been sent there by the greatest personages in India. His son succeeded him and continued the struggle to avenge his father's suicide.
At that place, most of his leaders and army revolted against him. The wealth plundered from the Rajput Confederacy and his Indian campaigns went a long way towards meeting those ends. Nine years later he was reinstated for a year before being slain by his nephew. The Ghaznavid Empire was ruled by his successors for 157 years. The area was politically fossilized, with several rajas from the Chudasama, Abhihara, Paramara, Chalukya and Yadava dynasties competing for territory. In 1040 at the , they decisively defeated Mahmud's grandson, resulting in Mas'ud abandoning most of his western territories to the Seljuks.
The notable poet , after laboring 27 years, went to Ghazni and presented the to Mahmud. He took them back to his homeland and placed them in the steps leading to the newly built Jamiah Masjid, so that they would be stepped upon by those going to the mosque to pray. The used to go on pilgrimage to it whenever there was an eclipse of the moon, and would then assemble there to the number of more than a hundred thousand. The sultan finally succeeded in enticing the Indians to attack him. Most importantly, Mahmud should be remembered as an art-loving sophisticated sultan, as well as a helmeted army commander. Substantial presents were also sent to Baghdad to obtain from the Caliph the title of Sultan, but this effort was unsuccessful.