A 30-year-old female presents for evaluation of a palpable thyroid nodule. Unilateral total lobectomy on the side of dominant disease d. Is related to oxytocin, and both are released from the posterior pituitary in conjunction with neurophysins. Radioactive iodine I131 Ans: G 108. Which of the following actions most likely mediated the therapeutic effectiveness of the drug in this patient? All of the above Ans. Both A and B D.
The principal blood supply to the parathyroid glands is which of the following? May enlarge during pregnancy, requiring treatment with bromocriptine or surgery. Joint and muscle pain D. None of the above Answer: e 69. Is best treated surgically if it is due to either aldosteronoma or idiopathic adrenal hyperplasia. The investigation that would be required for this patient will be? D Symptoms that may indicate too little T3 and T4 in the body causes hypothyroidism: trouble sleeping, tiredness and fatigue, difficulty concentrating, dry skin and hair, depression, sensitivity to cold temperature, frequent, heavy periods, joint and muscle pain. V calcium gluconate b- Bicarbonate c- Calcitonin d- Vitamin D Answer : a. Alpha-adrenergic blockade, with or without beta-adrenergic blockade.
Mostly from thyroid and small amount from tissue conversion of T4 Ans: B 52. Preventive Services Task Force does not currently recommend routine screening for thyroid disease, but rather screening patients who have symptoms suggestive of thyroid problems or are high risk for thyroid disease. Mutation abnormalities occur in 15% of fetuses in utero following internal treatment of the mother with radioiodine during pregnancy. V calcium gluconate b- Bicarbonate c- Calcitonin d- Vitamin D Answer : a. The tumor is bilateral foci of tumor are present in both thyroid lobes. Beta-adrenergic blockade followed by alpha-adrenergic blockade. Metabolism and fluid and electrolyte balance, heat production.
T answer : D 21- a patient presents with neck swelling and respiratory distress few hours after a thyroidectomy surgery. Those with diabetes are at increased risk for altered skin integrity. Total T4 or fT4 Ans: C 47. Reverse T3 Ans: C 53. Other possible symptoms include weakness, lethargy, decreased energy, dry skin, inability to concentrate, memory loss, constipation, and weight gain.
All of the above Ans. Which of the following statements regarding the pituitary gland are true? Neoplasia + iatrogenic + immune mediated C. The diagnosis of primary hyperparathyroidism is supported by these serum levels: calcium, 10. Bilateral medullary carcinoma of the thyroid occurs in every patient with multiple endocrine neoplasia 1, 2a or 2b b. Provocative testing with pentagastrin and calcium infusion for family members at risk for medullary carcinoma of the thyroid is diminished in importance by the recent development of specific genetic testing Answer: a, c, d 51. Which of the following statements is true with respect to Cushing Disease? It differentiates neoplastic and nonneoplastic nodules in most cases b. What are the two main hormones secreted by Thyroid gland? Even internal temperature, cholesterol levels are also tuned up with the help of the hormones released by thyroid gland.
Further lab exams indicated the presence of thyroid peroxidase antibodies. Base or tip of tail, base of ears, lateral lumbar region C. Because the symptoms of hypothyroidism can be confused with symptoms of other, more common conditions, many people with the condition are unaware they have it. The content provided on this blog is for informational purposes only. Is released into the circulation by the posterior pituitary in response to a rise in plasma osmolality above 285 mOsm.
Of the following which commonly require surgical management? Increased in follicular epithelium D. Medication targeted at destroying follicular cells B. What is the rationale for using radiography? Hypothyroidism is treated with medications that: Replace surfactant. Cell types of the anterior pituitary are classified by their position in the anterior pituitary and by their staining characteristics with histologic dyes. Graves disease is also known as A.
A There can be many reasons for an overactive thyroid. Follicular carcinomas are frequently multicentric. . This infant is at risk for which of the following potentially life-threatening problems? Most are small tumours; tumour invasion and metastasis rarely cause death Ans: C 81. Neoplaia + iatrogenic + diet Ans: A 75. When asymptomatic, are best treated surgically early in the microadenoma stage. True False Diabetes is metabolic disorder.
This is idiopathic and has a high mortality D. The types of thyroiditis that can cause abnormalities of surgical significance are which of the following? None of the above Ans. Iodine Answer: a, c, d, e 42. Single toxic thyroid nodule Answer: a, d, e 45. Cortisol is secreted from where? The risk of leukemia following radioiodine therapy is approximately 10%. Spontaneous hemorrhage from thrombocytopenia e.