The series of constitutions that were put in place during the colonial period were geared towards consolidating British imperial strategies. The Royal Niger Company was formed in 1879 as the United African Company; renamed to National African Company in 1881 and to Royal Niger Company in 1886. This caused a lot of infrastructural decay in the nation and also have resulted to high level of tribalism. When Lugard returned to Nigeria as Governor-General in 1912 and presented the association in 1914, mainly for financial reasons, the content of enlargement had been profoundly influenced by previous experience of Lugard in Northern Nigeria and its disregard for the South of Nigeria. James was the Administrator of Lagos after the 1914 amalgamation. Nigeria is, therefore, a Federation of former Kingdoms, Empires, States, Nations and Autonomous Communities.
Although these soils can readily be leached and lose their fertility, they are the most productive agriculturally. The Times London January 08, 1897 And she later became Lady Lugard. Post Independence Era With the freedom that comes with being independent, there is a new thinking and policies which together would bring rapid transformation of Nigeria from its under-developed state to a nation that would be envied by others but this did not come as expected. He knew that the greatest industry and the greatest power he would give to the Westerners was to ensure that they had free basic education. Thus, from the very beginning, a permanent majority in population which was intended to translate into a permanent majority in the future Central Legislature and consequently a permanent control of power was programmed for the Northern Ruling class.
From 1914 to 1919, Lugard was made Governor General of the now combined Colony of Nigeria. It was about 15 years after the separate and distinct British protectorate was established in Southern Nigeria. Due to this, an agreement was reached that Nigeria should have an indigenous Head of State who would be elected by the people to serve a five-year term. Police administration and operation should come under the same arrangement. The first high commissioner was. Little wonder that when the British came to Nigeria in the 19th century, first as traders and merchants, they did not hesitate to bring along their religion and later, government.
The other prominent parties are the Igbira Tribal Union, Democratic Party of Nigeria and Cameron, and then the Borno Youth Movement that has its main location in Borno State. In the precolonial period the country normally produced enough agricultural commodities to feed its population, and it even maintained a surplus for export. They were not properly elected. Generally, amalgamation preserved the difference among peoples and their administration. In 1993, the military ruler, Gen Ibrahim Babangida, in power from 1985 yields to international pressure and holds a presidential election. The truth of the matter was power, raw power. It was basically due to economic reasons.
When I went to London in 1966, I saw men, women and when I asked some of them what time they came to London, they said since 1954 and 1955. The name was coined in the late 19 th century by British journalist Flora Shaw, who later got married to Frederick Lugard, a British colonial administrator. Conclusion The current struggle by the peoples of the Niger Delta and their Brethren from the South, is the 4th phase of our struggle. People like Late Pa Enahoro and Prof. The surfaces of Igbomina and Ekiti was on the West end of Nigeria.
Omoruyi recalls that Alhaji Ibrahim Dasuki, the Sultan of Sokoto, vehemently opposed General Babangida's preparation for the June 12, 1993 elections on behalf of the Northern Leadership because the North was not able to decide the outcome in favour of the North before hand. Any honest observer knows that the Lagos population cannot be less than 15 million. There are various national or ethnical groups in the country. Lugard ran the country with half of each year spent in England, distant from realities in Africa where subordinates had to delay decisions on many matters until he returned, and based his rule on a military system. Northern outskirts of Nigeria was a place where Hausa state stood.
The Clifford constitution, which was introduced by Sir Hugh Clifford in 1922, replaced both the Legislative council of 1862 which was subsequently enlarge in 1914, and the Nigerian council of 1914. Instead, it raised a committee to organize a debate on the draft. Nigeria at that time was in a dire need of a policy that could unify the different rival policies that were springing up in different parts of the country as a result of the decentralised system of government that was in place. The present crisis hitting our political system is as a result of this amalgamation where our Northern brothers deem it a birthright for them to always be at the helm of affairs in our Nation. The Europeans depended on the coastal rulers not only for securing trade, but also for the safety of their lives and property. Due to the vehement opposition and severe tension, General Ibrahim Babangida willingly stepped down from his position as military President.
It was a compromise that the federal system had introduced as the best suited for the Nigerian environment. Towards that era, the colonial authorities were all working to protect their interest in this part of West Africa between 1862 and 1960. You have been purified these many days. This is not because we are going to bring heaven down, but because we are going to demonstrate to the world what and how we feel about oppression. There were Kingdoms like, Oyo, Lagos, Calabar, Brass, Itsekiri, Benin, Tiv, Borno, Sokoto Caliphate with loose control over Kano, Ilorin, Zaria etc Bonny, Opobo, etc. So, I have seen Nigeria. Why will you come and then pick one person per Local Government? Before this event, the Nigerian state had been a political entity with numerous diversities which made governance difficult.