With secularism that insists on the inalienable rights of the citizens and a due process of law, it will be easier to mount public pressure against sectarian killers and those who promote hatred. They refused to recognize the contributions of Muslims and other minorities, to India's history and culture. So we failed in converting the Indian polity with religious diversity into a secular polity. Fifty-nine people including women and children died in the fire. Of late an attempt has been made by a sizeable section of the Indian society to equate Hindu cultural symbols as national culture.
The oppressed sections join the secular movement to wrest the accompanying liberal space that can be the base for launching the struggles for their rights. With the social changes of the late 70's and the early 80's, communalism got a strong boost and it started attacking secularism in a big way. One of the greatest achievements of British rule was modernization of education by promotion of secular knowledge. It is in this backdrop that one has to understand, as to why it is only during the last decade and a half that secularism has come under a cloud and the concept of a Hindu Rashtra is being asserted aggressively. The main struggle was between secularism and communalism.
Therefore one must find out the foundations on which the whole structure of Indian secularism has been raised. In Indian each religion has particular laws apart from the common law. First of all secularism is not a rational term. The State would look after your secular welfare, health, communications, foreign relations, currency and so on, but not your or my religion. He preached against retaliation, and showed the way of forgiving. Holyoake was a leader of the English secularist and free thought movements. Xenophobia is growing day by day, and the government is taking no steps to bond us together, instead they are playing cheap tricks and practicing vote bank politics.
She is honest, forthright and passionate. India is a unique country in many respects. Secularism, in philosophy, is the belief that one's own life can be best lived, and the universe best understood, with little or no reference to a god or gods or other supernatural concepts. It is also the thought process of a vast majority of people of different religions because the underlying belief of such religion is that God is one and all men are created equal. Fifthly and finally the cultural and educational right Under Article 29 and 30 certain cultural and educational rights are guaranteed.
Respect for diversity not only embodies the democratic spirit, it is the real guarantee of unity. Nothing in this Article shall affect any provision of social welfare and reform or throwing open of Hindu religious institutions of a public character to all classes and sections of the Hindus 25-2b. We do not have to go far to find the answer. All three of them rejected the authority of the Vedas and any importance of belief in a deity. In very vivid words it is a matter. There is a new, muscular nationalism, one that holds up the nuclear bomb as a sign of strength and wants to keep neighbours and internal minorities in their place, and which derives its strength from invented mythology; and has taken over the polity.
The world was sought to be understood and explained in terms of religion. My seminar paper is attempt to analyse the historical back ground of the origin Indian secularism, its developments, threats that Indian. Secularism in India was conceived as a system that sustained religious and cultural pluralism. Equality of religions is imperative to promote secularism. The feeling was not confined to the minority religions.
Further, Hindutva forces accuse that secularism pampers the Muslims as a vote bank. Until then, religion was considered to be inseparable from political and social life. Hence they show an inclination towards the conservative Hindu identity. Secularism provided a way for people to co-exist in civility despite religious disparities. That is why Gandhiji had been preaching brotherhood among the different religious groups.
Similarly we cannot take it as a ground for a democratic setup. There is a deep respect for individuals and the small groups of which they are a part and equality for all people. Certainly no Indian wants to be slave again. He went further than this and asserted that religion must be subordinated to politics. Religion is a private affair and if it is allowed to appear in public affairs it will corrupt politics. It even infected the Hindu religion. However, there was a short dip in these secular sentiments when India came under the rule of the several rulers of the Delhi Sultanate, few of whom were not at all warm to the other religions.
Unlike in the West, where secularism came mainly out of the conflict between the Church and the State, secularism in India was conceived as a system that sustained religious and cultural pluralism. But the incorporation of secularism in India and especially into the constitution was itself the culmination of a historical process, which is the key to understand our present day secularism. Evangelism that they followed was based on respected freedom of choice and promoted the ideas of religious freedom. The events leading to the demolition of Babri Masjid and their aftermath of communal carnage mark a watershed in the history of free India. The attack on the Mosque at Ayodhya led to a rash of violence across the country. Secularism was important for India from another point of view.
This is sum and substance of Indian understanding of secularism. It is wrong to think that with the help of laws it is possible to divorce religion from politics. The society which practices secularism is known as secular society or state. Historical evaluation of secularism In India, when it comes to secularism matters are different. In the process, it has to oppose and struggle against the clergy and vested forces in the society.