Conquered by Germany during the Franco-Prussian War in 1870-1871, France gave up Alsace, except for the Belfort Territory, along with the Moselle portion of Lorraine, to the new unified Germany and the history of Alsace becomes that of Reichsland Elsass-Lorthringen or Alsace-Lorraine. Upon the death of Louis the German in 876, Charles the Bald, by then King of Italy and Emperor, attacked eastern Lotharingia, but was defeated by Louis the Younger in the. Córdoba is a well-known center of learning and craftsmanship, home to outstanding scholars in medicine, mathematics, botany, and other sciences. Link to this page: Mersen, Treaty of. Herrlisheim lies on a fertile plain between the Vosges and the Rhine River. The Duke of Brabant traditionally retained the honorific title of Duke of Lothier.
In the north, Louis received most of Lothair's Austrasia, with his eastern part including both and , and most of Frisia. The name Lorraine was originally given to two areas between the Saone and the Rhine. Most of traditional Lorraine remained within France. The population of Alsace-Lorraine in 1890 was 77% Catholic, 21% Protestant and 2% Jewish. France consolidated further her holdings in Alsace with the Treaty of Ryswick in 1679 bringing a numbers of towns under her control.
As Louis was at that time campaigning against the , his uncles, and , took his inheritance. The French had already established a foothold by taking Metz, Toul and Verdun in 1522, and they occupied the duchy a number of times in the devastating wars of the 17th century. Caledonia: A Light in the North Western Europe Most of western Europe is dominated by , but on the fringes exist , , and. It was located near the mouth of the river Hermus now , and situated on the coast of the peninsula separating the Gulf of to the north, named for the largest of the cities, and the Gulf of now to the south. In 959 Bruno divided the territory into two dukedoms: the duchies of Upper Lorraine and Lower Lorraine.
Lothair subsequently divided this central portion among his three sons and retired to a monastery. The Treaty of Verdun represented the Frankish practice of divisible inheritance rather than the primogeniture inheritance practiced elsewhere. Great importance has been attached to the determination of this frontier by some historians, who consider that it coincided with the dividing line between the Teutonic and Romance races and languages; but nothing is known of the bases upon which the negotiations were effected, and the situation created by this treaty came to an end in 879. The earliest information on Herrlisheim is in the year 743 when it was conveyed to the Abbey of Wissembourg under the name of Hariolfesvilla, the farm of Hariolf Harold. Louis I wished to change the dynastic succession to favor Charles and in 830 granted Charles some of the lands that had been part of the inheritance of Lothair and Pepin, who now felt threatened. Eugene Ricklin and Jacques Peirotes socialist politicans from Alsace were in charge. Its location at the crossroads of Flanders, Italy, France and central Europe made it an important commercial center.
A century ago the Basques were responsible for the infamous ambush which destroyed Roland, Charlemagne's greatest paladin, as he crossed the Pyrenees, and this fierce reputation has allowed the tiny kingdom to hold its own amongst its larger neighbors. Phocaea's harbours allowed it to develop a thriving seafaring economy, and to become a great naval power, which greatly influenced its culture. Phocaea had two natural harbours within close range of the settlement, both containing a number of small islands. Subsequent to 1570, Hanau-Lichtenberg became a part of the house of Hesse-Darmstadt. The war didn't end until 843, three years after his death, when his three surviving sons signed the Treaty of Verdun splitting the empire equally between themselves. It was concluded in 843 at Verdun on the Meuse or, possibly, Verdun-sur-le-Doubs, Soâne-et-Loire dept.
The Götar and Svear are rarely seen in western Europe, for their interests lie with the in the east, among whom they both trade and raid. All three cities trade extensively with the Saracens in Sicily. Charles's grandsons were forced to cede the whole Lotharingia to him, sealed by the 880 , according to which it finally became part of. Copyright © 2001-2009 The Fleece. On November 11, 1918, the Armistice was signed, ending the war. The inheritance issue remained problematic for the last few years of the lengthy reign of Louis.
Charles the Great always intended to divide his empire among his sons, but only one survived to inherit, Louis the Pious. Louis le Pieux or Louis le Débonnaire, 778—840, emperor of the West 814—40 , son and successor of Charlemagne. Herodotus gives an idea of the size of Phocaea by the describing the walls of Phocaea as having a length of several stadia. Lorraine was the object of territorial disputes between France and Germany for a thousand years. Civil war ensued among the brothers and severely weakened the prestige of both Crown and empire; consequently the aristocracy gained greater power. Source- Excerpts from various encyclopedias, including Encyclopedia Britannica, Catholic Encyclopedia, the web-site for Mairie de Herrlisheim and other web sites, in order to present a summary of the history of this area. The next day, the National Council took over all functions of the Statthalter and of the Secretary of state, and proclaimed the sovereignty of Alsace-Lorraine.
The treaty partitioned the empire for the second time. Various Slavonic languages are used by the conquered tribes along the eastern borders, though Louis has made great strides in developing the border regions and assimilating Slavs into his German kingdom. Charles received a portion of the kingdom of Lothair afterwards called Lorraine, extending from the mouths of the Rhine to Toul, together with the town of Besançon, the Lyonnais, the Viennais, the Vivarais, and the Uzège, i. Alsace remained part of the Holy Roman Empire until 1648 when it became a province of France through the Treaty of Westphalia that ended the Thirty Years War. In December 1621 and January 1622, Mansfeld's mercenaries raze the area and the inhabitants of Herrlisheim and Drusenheim take refuge in tents on the islands of the Rhine River.
In 1251, the village is the property of the Counts of Oetigen, landowners of low Alsace who ceded it to the lords of Lichtenberg in 1332. The Kingdom of Denmark includes the Jutland peninsula separated from Germany by the Danewirk, a fortified rampart across the base of the peninsula , many nearby islands such as Sjælland Zealand and Fyn Funen , and the lands of Skåne Scania, southern Sweden. As Louis was at that time campaigning against the , his uncles, and , took his inheritance. Their efforts are regularly thwarted, however, by internal rivalries which lead individual Christian leaders to attack one another, often using the Saracens are mercenaries. In the north, Louis received most of Lothair's Austrasia, with his eastern part including both and , and most of Frisia. Louis had three sons by his wife, Ermengarde 778—818 : Lothair 795—855 , Pepin 797—838 , and Louis 804—876.