Westbrook marked out with iron stakes the boundary lines that he had measured. My land will always be there. And because the tax records are not legal records, the summary description show in the tax records may actually describe a different property than the prior deed. In most situations, the best practice is to use the legal description from the most recent deed to the property. The system is also still common in Ontario, Canada. Survey Metes and Bounds A metes and bounds description describes the property by locating it within the public surveying system.
Based upon these reference points, the land is further divided into townships of 36 square miles. A township, which is 6 miles on each side, is divided into 36 square-mile sections. Smaller parcels within the platted subdivision are mapped out with courses and distances. Even images using technology as simple as MapQuest can help to more precisely mark a parcel of land that would otherwise be defined by measuring tools and compasses. While the system is still used today, technology has greatly improved upon its associated tools and measurements.
Metes and bounds is a system or method of describing land, real property in contrast to personal property or real estate. The system is often used to define larger pieces of property and political subdivisions where precise definition is not required or would be far too expensive, or previously designated boundaries can be incorporated into the description. Lot and Block A lot and block legal description is created by filing a subdivision survey in the land records. This starting point may be a natural monument, like a tree, or an artificial monument, like a road or a stake placed by a surveyor. This may be at an intersection of roads, a particular point on a stream or something even more nebulous.
That's where the drawing failed to close the points with a 60-foot gap. This was despite the fact that the property contained both manmade and natural physical boundaries. Limitations of Metes and Bounds Using metes and bounds tends to be confusing and difficult to understand by the majority of the ordinary population around the world. Metes refer to the boundary defined by measurement of a straight line, the distance between two points of the land, and the magnetic orientation of the land. Metes and bounds provide data that goes beyond simply the assignment of a lot or parcel number to the property. The plat is a type of property map, and it will describe every characteristic of a piece of land, from its size to its boundaries, and any roads or real property on the land. Traditionally, this method calls for utilizing compass directions to identify the boundaries and also to define the distance between those boundaries.
The overall description may also include information regarding the nature of the terrain, identifying any attributes that tend to distinguish the property from others in the area. By There are several ways the deed may legally describe the land: meets and bounds, sections and townships, and recorded lot numbers are among them. It was therefore impossible to tell which boundary lines were correct. The app provided the parcel square footage and acreage as well. A direction may be a simple compass bearing, or a precise orientation determined by accurate survey methods.
In such cases, courts have to try to figure out what the parties intended. Metes and bounds are used mostly when the tract of land in question is irregularly shaped. A legal description can take different forms including reference to a government survey, metes and bounds, or a lot and block of a subdivision. A legal description is a description of real estate that is sufficient to identify it for legal purposes. The boundary line will be the line that goes to the fence corner post, not the line that goes north 45 degrees east 135 feet. Government Survey System: Designating sections and townships The Government Survey System is a federal land survey system that has been applied to most of the land added to the United States since the system was adopted in 1785.
If you must survey a plot of land that originally used metes and bounds, it is best to try to follow the directions included in the original survey. Metes are distances between two points measured with straight lines, regardless of what is in between them. Another descriptive approach is to describe a portion or fraction of a described parcel of land. The description will then specify the distance one should proceed at that direction and angle for one of the property lines, before making a turn. Metes and Bounds is method or a system used for describing land, real estate or real property. The system of metes and bounds is one used in real estate to describe land or based on the physical features of its geography, as well as directions and distances. The app created the drawing for the tester, and once he corrected the length entry that was in error, the lines closed at the point of beginning, and all was well.
It is often used in connection with the Government Survey System. When preparing a , it is important to use the correct legal description. Metes and Bounds A metes and bounds legal description is usually one that was created by a surveyor that finds a starting point and proceeds with directions, angles and distances. United States Government Survey System The government or rectangular survey system was adopted by the United States in 1785. In this system of land description, a starting point is present at the corner, followed by measurements and directions, these are written in various ways that indicate a line which leads to next corner. Example: Beginning at the Northeast corner of the Southeast Quarter of the Southwest Quarter of Section 34, Township 23, Range 16, Hennepin County, Minnesota; thence East along the North line of said Southwest Quarter a distance of 125. It was then used in the thirteen colonies that formed the United States before being spread to other neighboring parts of Canada and the other states.
For example, if the corner of the land was marked by a stream that dried up over the years or a large tree that was cut down or dried up as the years passed, it becomes difficult to relocate the landmarks and the boundaries. To this day, Texas still primarily uses the metes and bounds system due to the fact that it was an independent republic prior to achieving statehood. The history of metes and bounds use affects election constituency boundaries today as well, as these are still described using metes and bounds, even in jurisdictions where they are not used in property sales. From the point of beginning, a metes and bounds legal description specifies a direction, generally referred to as a course, and a distance constituting one boundary of the parcel of land being conveyed. At the time the description is compiled, it may have been marked on the ground with permanent monuments placed where there were no suitable natural monuments. It is a way of describing land by listing the compass directions and distances of the boundaries.